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Kinesio Taping Peroneal Tendon Sublaxtion

What is Peroneal Tendon Subluxation? Peroneals are two muscles and tendons that stretch along the outer edge of your lower leg. Specifically, the peroneal tendons are enclosed in a fibrous tunnel that is attached behind the outside ankle bone. Peroneal Tendon Subluxation occurs when there is damage or injury Read more

Walking or Running: Which is Better?

Walking and running are the most popular physical activities. Both are excellent aerobic exercises. Both help promote weight loss, improve your sleep, elevate your mood, boost your energy levels, decrease blood pressure and cholesterol levels and decrease the risk of cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. The debate Walking and running Read more

Treating Compartment Syndrome with Massage Therapy

A compartment is a section within the body that contains muscles, blood vessels and nerves. Anatomical compartments are surrounded by fascia, or fibrous tissue. Compartments are present in all our limbs. The Syndrome Compartment Syndrome is a condition where pressure within one or more of the body's compartments becomes high. Read more

Protect Your Knee From Sports Damage

Sports like football, hockey and tennis require you to run at different speeds, using varying acceleration. Many times, you have to change direction while your foot is placed firmly on the ground. This causes stress to your knees and stretches the ligaments around your knees. Sometimes, this results Read more

5 Olympic Sports That Will Enhance Your Fitness

Sports persons don't just have good bodies. They are also fit and healthy, thanks to the overall strengthening and toning effects of playing sports. If you want more than just a hot bod and be really fit, you need to start playing one of these Olympic sports. 1. Kayaking Read more

All You Need To Know About Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS)

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, or PFPS, is a type of knee pain that happens around or under the patella. The patella is the kneecap or the roundish-triangular part that you can feel when you touch your knee in the front. It is also commonly called 'runner's knee' as it Read more

Improving your Gait with Physiotherapy

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Treating Gait Impairments with Physical TherapyGait or walking process is a very complex task. The intricate movement sub-processes which are involved in getting you from point A to B are more complicated than you could ever imagine. Gait training has various purposes depending on the patient undergoing gait treatment. For athletes, gait training could be recuperating from a lower body injury or performance enhancing training. For patients with specific medical conditions, it could be just the ability to walk with normal movement.

What causes gait imbalance?
There are a few common causes of gait problems which includes diseases, accident related injuries or repeated usage of wrong footwear which alters gait. The most common cause of gait imbalance is a primary medical condition such as multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson’s disease, cerebral palsy, arthritis, brain tumour, spinal cord compression and gout. Injury to the foot may cause an individual to develop an unusual swing in walking to avoid pain. This a major cause of temporary gait imbalance. Injury specific trauma and inflammation might cause temporary imbalance but neurological conditions often turn out to be long-term difficulties. Poor posture is another important factor causing gait issues.

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All You Need To Know About Trigger Finger

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Our hands have such precision motor skills because each individual digit can move freely through a full range of motion. If this motoring skill is hampered even in a single digit it can result in a considerable loss of normal function. Trigger finger is such a bone and joint condition which hampers your finger’s flexion and extension abilities making it difficult to perform even simple daily chores without pain. The affected digit gets locked in a curled up position when bent towards the palm and frees with a pop, a mechanism from which the condition’s name is derived.

What is trigger finger?finger

Our fingers achieve this excellent dexterity through a complicated mechanism which involves pulley like structures along each digit of the hand. This pulley mechanism is dependent on the flexor tendon sheath for smooth gliding movement in normal condition. For a cause yet unknown, the flexor tendon sheath present in the digits thickens making the movement through the pulleys difficult. The tendon gets stuck in the pulley when a flexion (curling movement of the digit) is attempted. This curled up position can be a permanent deformity or the finger might snap back into normal position through a forced extension.


Trigger finger is caused by the inflammation of the tendon sheath which hampers the gliding mechanism in the digit pulleys but what triggers this inflammation is still unknown. The most commonly known facts about trigger finger are that it is commonly observed in the 3rd or 4th digit and they are more common in women than men. There are strong chances that patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes. Another widely accepted theory is that of repetitive trauma to a particular digit. Read more

Fight Acromioclavicular Joint (ACJ) Injuries With Physiotherapy

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Fight Acromioclavicular JointCollision sports, throwing sports and overhead activities which involve overhead and across the body movement of the arm cause injury to ACJ. The ACJ injury which is also known as shoulder separation is one of the most commonly observed shoulder injuries in sports medicine, accounting for 9% of all injuries to the shoulder girdle. The injury which was noted by Hippocrates in the earliest days of medicine yet does not have a definitive non-surgical treatment method. Physical therapy though has proved to be an effective treatment for Grade I-III injuries in a short period while other severe injuries will require longer healing periods.

Acromioclavicular Joint (ACJ) injury
The ACJ is formed at the meeting point of three bones which include: The shoulder blade (Scapula), the collarbone (clavicle) and the arm bone (humerus). The joint gets its name from Acromion, which is the end of the scapula and which meets the clavicle. An ACJ injury involves partial or complete damage to the ligaments that hold the joint together. The overstretching of these ligaments causes separation of the acromion and clavicle. ACJ injury might also be called as ACJ separation or ACJ sprain. The injury is graded from I-VI depending on the severity of the injury. While Grade I-III injuries are common, Grade IV-VI injuries are caused by high impact. Read more

Overuse Injuries In The Elbow And Forearm

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Overuse Injuries In The ElbowOur elbow and forearm area of the upper extremities are prone to overuse injuries due to sports or occupational stress. Overuse injury in the elbow and forearm is quite common among golfers and baseball players as well. Overuse of the elbow and the forearm can be caused by repetitive elbow flexion-extension or wrist motion. Because of the intricate anatomy of the elbow and the forearm, there could be various causes for the injury. Though predominantly seen in sportspersons, the injury is also very common amongst people who indulge in throwing or arm stretching as a part of their profession such as assembly line workers or skilled labourers. Another way in which a person can begin to be effected by this type of overuse injury is the office worker, that types rapidly throughout the day.

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Get rid of the Stiff Big Toe (Hallux Rigidis)

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Get rid of the Stiff Big Toe (Hallux Rigidis)A very common sight in arthritis of the foot is developing a “stiff big toe”. The “stiff big toe” or Hallus Rigidis in medical terms is a form of degenerative arthritis which causes stiffness and pain in the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint, the joint which connects your big toe with the rest of the foot. Big stiff toe causes a bunion to appear at this joint, making your foot visually displeasing along with the pain it inflicts. There are various surgical and non-surgical treatments available with which you can get rid of this medical condition.

What is Hallux Rigidis?
The Hallux Rigidis as its name suggests is a medical condition which occurs in the MTP joint where your big toe (Hallux) meets the rest of the foot. Like any other joint, the MTP has a cartilage to cushion movements of the joint while moving, standing or running. The wearing out of this cartilage causes friction in the joint causing it to become inflamed, rigid and stiff (Rigidis). The hallux rigidis is a progressive condition which means it worsens with time. Sometimes just the upper part of the joint is affected, while the rest of the joint stays undamaged.

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Physiotherapy Treatment for Tingling and Numbness in Hands and Fingers

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Tingling and Numbness in Hands and FingersAll of us have had the “my leg / hand has fallen asleep” experience. This “sleeping” experience mostly occurs if you cut off blood supply to a particular body part by applying pressure for a long time. That is the reason why you have numbness and tingling in your hand if you sleep on it for long. This numbness and tingling is absolutely normal and goes away within minutes, but if you have a similar experience at random, the reason could be a medical condition. Paresthesia, also known as numbness and tingling of the hands and legs, has multiple causes, but some of this can be controlled with physiotherapy.


There are multiple causes for the tingling sensation and numbness felt in the hands and fingers. The most common cause is carpal tunnel syndrome, a type of nerve compression. Repeated motion in an unnatural position which puts abnormal stress on your hand causes microscopic tears. These tears in ligaments and muscles later swell up and later cause nerve compression. The ulnar nerve which passes through our hand and forearm can get trapped during accidents or falls and cause numbness. There are various other causes like diabetes, alcoholism, poor circulation and more.

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How Physiotherapy can reduce recovery time for hip replacement patients

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hip replacement patientsIt is common for patients suffering from severe hip joint arthritis to opt for hip replacement surgery or Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA). Even if patients undergo a successful hip replacement surgery, it is still a battle half won because the other half consists of recovering from the replacement surgery and returning to the pre-surgery active lifestyle. Physical therapy and exercise therapy can help you achieve this by reducing your recovery time and strengthening your hips muscles so that you are back on the grid in no time.

Why is physical therapy and exercise therapy important?

Hip replacement surgeries have been consistently successful in bringing down pain levels in patients and improving their quality of life through enhanced functional abilities. But, when taking a long-term perspective, there are studies which have noted persistence of impairment and functional limitation in individuals after a HRS. A study published in the European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine has clearly supported physical therapy exercise programs as an effective way of consistently improving physical impairment and ability to function.

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Physiotherapy For Persons With Slipped Disc

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Physiotherapy For Persons With Slipped DiscThe slipped disc or herniated disc or bulged disc is the chronic or acute backpain experienced by a patient because of the injury to the spine. Slipped disc is one of the most commonly occurring spine diseases and physiotherapy is the first considered treatment option. Treatment for patients suffering from slipped disc is a combination of medication as well as physical therapy and exercise therapy to help them cope with the injury. Surgery is considered only in 1 out of 10 patients diagnosed with slipped disc and is considered a last resort.

How can physical therapy help?

The physical therapy treatment for a patient suffering from slipped disc varies on the severity of the injury. Generally the treatment goes through three phases which includes pain reduction, back strengthening and rehabilitation through exercise therapy.

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Shoulder Instability Causes and Remedies

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Shoulder Instability Causes and RemediesOur shoulder joint is one of the busiest in our entire body, entrusted with the responsibility of movement of the upper limbs. So, the shoulder joint is also the most movable joint in our body facilitating overall movement through rotations and lifting functions. This extended range of motion also makes the shoulder joint vulnerable to dislocation through trauma or overuse. The ball and the socket joint of the shoulder are held together by ligaments, muscles and bones which when overstretched make the shoulder unstable.

The most common symptom to diagnose shoulder instability is the internal sense of the shoulder becoming loose and coming out or the sensation of the shoulder popping back in. There can also be an irritating sensation or discomfort caused by the feeling of the shoulder just hanging in there. Pain is not a necessary factor as not all dislocations are painful but there is an uneasy feeling in the shoulder area often experienced during physical activities.

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How To Continue Playing Your Favourite Sport After A Tennis Elbow

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Tennis ElbowThere are many ways other than outdoor sport that can cause injury. In these times of internet and junk food, it is common for individuals to drown themselves in an unhealthy lifestyle. And then, there are those who know how to balance it out with work and outdoor activity. If a tennis elbow injury sneaks up on you, it could leave you feeling in pain and frustrated. But fret not, we are here to help and we bring you the best tips on how to rehabilitate your injury, so that you can continue enjoying your favorite sporting or other activities.

The Tennis elbow injury is caused by physical activity which involves extensive use of your forearms. Weak forearms give in when you perform rigorous physical activity, thus causing injury. The exercises for tennis elbow injury focus on strengthening the forearms and increasing its flexibility so that it is ready for any future hard or repetitive work load.

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