August 13, 2014
exercise therapy, How to, Injuries
, Causes for BPPV
, Physical Therapy
, Symptoms for BPPV
, What is BPPV?
Vertigo, which on a broader scale is considered to be dizziness, is actually a form of perception of motion disorder. There are various causes of vertigo but the most common cause is a dysfunctional vestibular system (sensory system responsible for maintaining balance). Slight change in the head position can trigger dizziness which can last from a few seconds to a couple of minutes.
What is BPPV?
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo or BPPV is the most commonly occurring types of vertigo. As the name suggests it is harmless or it isn’t life threatening (benign), it occurs suddenly and for short periods (paroxysmal positional). Our body’s vestibular system malfunctions to cause a perception of motion or false motion even through slightest movement of the head.
July 19, 2014
Articles, exercise therapy, How to, Injuries
, Kinesio Taping Method
, Kinesiology Tape Help?
, Kinesiology Taping for Athletic Injuries
, Physical Therapy
, Shoulder Bursitis
, Treating Shoulder Bursitis
, Whiplash Injury
Shoulder pain is a very common complaint and the diagnosis and management of shoulder injuries is one of the most challenging areas of musculoskeletal medicine.
The shoulder is a complex and relatively unstable joint that every person uses extensively on a daily basis. Every time you wash your hair in the shower or reach up into a cupboard you’re aggravating the condition. Athletes in the course of a practice or competition may tweak a shoulder and strain hundreds of times. Consequently, what started as a minor strain can easily become a chronic problem. Conditions leading to shoulder pain include dislocation, separation, tendonitis, bursitis, rotator cuff, and impingement Syndrome. Read more
The soccer world cup in Brazil is getting more exciting with each passing day. As much as soccer is known for the entertaining contests it is also known for the excruciating injuries sustained by players. Who could forget legendary Chelsea goalkeeper Peter Cech’s depressed skull fracture sustained in a 2006 match which nearly cost him his life. Not just sports, a skull fracture might be caused during any activity if your head sustains a heavy blow. Here is all you need to know about skull fractures and their treatment.
What is a skull fracture?
A skull fracture is nothing but a type of break in the neurocranium (part of the skull which protects the brain). This break can be in one or more of the total 8 bones which comprise the neurocranium. Our skull is made up of three layers – the outermost layer is hard and compact called as the lamina externa, the middle layer is diploe which consists of spongy red bone marrow and the compact innermost layer known as the lamina interna. Concussions are a caused by blunt blows to the head of any intensity. Unlike popular belief a concussion might be caused without loss of consciousness. Skull fractures may lead to damage to the membranes, blood vessels and the brain itself.
Types of skull fracture
There are 4 major types of skull fractures out of which linear fractures are most commonly observed.
The linear skull fracture is caused by a break in the bone with full thickness. Blunt force injuries cause the skull to crack in a straight (linear) manner with the energy absorbed over a wide surface are. There is no bone displacement and so medically linear skull fractures have little significance.
Skull fractures which involve breaking of the outer skull bone and inward displacement of the broken pieces is known as a depressed skull fracture. Blunt force trauma such as being struck with a hammer or a rock, being kicked in the head or head trauma in a road accident might cause the fracture. The displaced bone pieces cause increase in the intracranial pressure (ICP) of the brain which crushes delicate tissue. The broken bone pieces usually require surgical intervention. This fracture is also more dangerous because of the risk of contamination at the point of depression.
Skull suture is a fibrous joint that binds the bones of neurocranium together. A diastatic fracture causes the sutures to widen as the fracture affects more than one bone. It is usually seen in infants and children under the age of three years as their sutures are not yet fused together. In adults, the diastatic fracture is caused to the lambodial suture which remains in a semi-fused state till 60.
A very rarely occurring fracture, basilar fractures are caused to a blow to the base of the skull. The rarity of this fracture is attributed to the awkward location.
A concussion however small should be medically examined. A symptom as common as a headache could save your life!
Whiplash is one of the most commonly occurring injuries in developed nations. Whiplash injury is observed mostly in motor vehicle accident victims where the vehicle is hit from behind. Whiplash is a common term for a number of injuries arising from the overstretching of the cervical paraspinal muscles. Whiplash injuries have been observed since the time cars were non-existent. Then rail accidents were a major cause of the injury and it was called as rail-road spine. Whiplash injury is on the rise with rise in road accidents.
The time taken to recover from the injury can be a few months to a couple of years. But with kinesio taping you can reduce this recovery period significantly. Here is a simple method to tape your neck injury.
During the initial acute phase (upto 72 hours)
In the initial phase of the injury two fan strips are applied for lymphatic correction. The two fan strips are placed such that they form a crisscross pattern over the injured area.
Our hands have such precision motor skills because each individual digit can move freely through a full range of motion. If this motoring skill is hampered even in a single digit it can result in a considerable loss of normal function. Trigger finger is such a bone and joint condition which hampers your finger’s flexion and extension abilities making it difficult to perform even simple daily chores without pain. The affected digit gets locked in a curled up position when bent towards the palm and frees with a pop, a mechanism from which the condition’s name is derived.
What is trigger finger?
Our fingers achieve this excellent dexterity through a complicated mechanism which involves pulley like structures along each digit of the hand. This pulley mechanism is dependent on the flexor tendon sheath for smooth gliding movement in normal condition. For a cause yet unknown, the flexor tendon sheath present in the digits thickens making the movement through the pulleys difficult. The tendon gets stuck in the pulley when a flexion (curling movement of the digit) is attempted. This curled up position can be a permanent deformity or the finger might snap back into normal position through a forced extension.
Trigger finger is caused by the inflammation of the tendon sheath which hampers the gliding mechanism in the digit pulleys but what triggers this inflammation is still unknown. The most commonly known facts about trigger finger are that it is commonly observed in the 3rd or 4th digit and they are more common in women than men. There are strong chances that patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes. Another widely accepted theory is that of repetitive trauma to a particular digit. Read more
For those involved in sports actively, the term Achilles tendon rupture or Achilles tendon injury is not very uncommon. It is one of the most dreaded injuries for any athlete as it keeps you out of action for a fair amount of time. Surgically repaired Achilles tendons are painful, restrict movement and take a long time to heal depending on the severity of the injury. But, if you opt for a physical therapy rehab program, you can easily get back to normal activities.
Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Program
Physical therapy plays an important role in regaining motion, strength, flexibility and normal function following a repair surgery. A personalised rehabilitation program will ensure low risk of tendon re-rupture and other complications. Your therapist will educate, instruct and supervise you facilitating quick recovery.
The throbbing pain of plantar fasciitis is very common amongst the urban population grappling with obesity, wrong choice of footwear and rigorous runners. The pain that is caused by this injury is severe during the first few morning steps, but gradually subsides throughout the day. Many individuals suffering with this condition get used to the temporary relief that comes later in the day without opting for easy treatment methods. Plantar fasciitis can be easily managed through a variety of treatment option which are mostly non-surgical.
What is plantar fasciitis?
Plantar fascia is a thin ligament which runs across the bottom of your foot and connects you heel to the front of the foot. The ligament supports in arching of the foot which supplements our walking activity. Being an important part of the walking mechanism, the plantar fascia has to deal with a lot of wear and tear. The shock absorbing function of this ligament causes stiffness and pain when under stress. The collagen fibers present close to the attachment to the heel bone degenerates causing plantar fasciitis.
Parkinson’s disease (PD) can be very frustrating for patients as it severely hampers motor skills. Patients are forced to move slowly and the ‘automated’ involuntary responses seem to go awry, missing the mark most of the time. Parkinson’s patients can easily go from struggling with moving around their homes to taking charge of activities like driving and shopping with the help of physical therapy. Physical therapy can not only relieve patients of physical symptoms such as stiffness, pain, weakness, balance and depth perception but also fosters confidence to reclaim their lives.
Why exercising is important?
It is common for PD patients at early and moderate stage to completely give up exercising as it is painful to move muscles and joints which also worsens with lack of exercise. Thus PD patients are stuck in a vicious circle which can only be broken with exercise. PD makes it difficult for patients to perform complex motor programs and your exercising efforts should be built around it. The loss of ‘Automatic’ response can be countered with exercises that demand attention, repetition, progression of difficulty and promote learning. Exercising will also reduce stiffness in muscles and joints while improving mobility, posture, balance and gait.
Our hectic lifestyles can take a heavy toll on our body and fibromyalgia is evidence for it. The disease which invokes acute pain in 9 paired tender points in the body is observed in around 2% of the general population and can affect anyone between the ages of 20-50 years. A major cause of this acute pain is depression and stress according to Dr. Frederick Wolfe, a researcher credited with its discovery, making a large part of the urban population prone to it. Though there is no definite cure for the disease, the pain associated with it can be effectively managed in adults and children through physical therapy and associated techniques.
How physical therapy can help
There is no single best treatment therapy for fibromyalgia but physical therapy and exercise therapy can significantly reduce symptoms making it easy for patients to go about daily activities. Physical therapists will create a personalised treatment plan which focuses on an individual’s specific needs as per evaluation. Treatment under the supervision of a physical therapist will involve performance tracking, gauging alignments, movement patterns and self-supervised exercises at home. Physical Therapy and/or Exercise Therapy is responsible for restoring normal function, improving mobility, relieving pain and preventing further aggravation of the disease. Fibromyalgia patients can easily indulge in physical activity without triggering pain, fatigue or any other discomfort.
Because of the high mobility observed in the shoulder joint, it has its fair share of commonly observed injuries. Frozen shoulder or adhesive capsulitis is a common shoulder disorder which hampers mobility in your ball-socket joint, inflicting pain, stiffness and inflammation. Treatment for the disorder is a heavy mix of physical therapy, occupational therapy, exercise therapy, medication, massage therapy, chiropractic and in severe cases surgery.
What is frozen shoulder?
Our shoulder joint is a spheroidal joint (ball-socket joint) which has the head of the upper arm bone fit perfectly into the socket of the shoulder blade. Frozen shoulder is caused by formation of scar tissue in the joint leaving no room for movement. The condition is commonly accompanied by pain and inflammation further restricting the range of motion which is reduced by stiffness. The name adhesive capsulitis is derived from Latin words which mean “sticking to the container” and “inflammation”.