A compartment is a section within the body that contains muscles, blood vessels and nerves. Anatomical compartments are surrounded by fascia, or fibrous tissue. Compartments are present in all our limbs.
Compartment Syndrome is a condition where pressure within one or more of the body’s compartments becomes high. Compartment Syndrome can either be Acute or Chronic. Acute Compartment Syndrome usually occurs due to an accident that results in direct impact to one of the compartments in your arms or legs. Chronic Compartment Syndrome is an overuse injury where the muscles become too large for the compartment, causing increased pressure. One reason this could happen is due to overtraining or biomechanical abnormalities. This restricts blood flow to the compartment that leads to a deprivation of oxygen to the muscles.
Symptoms of Compartment Syndrome
Acute Compartment Syndrome is relatively easy to identify as it follows a big injury. Doctors working on the individual figure out if the individual has any of the Syndrome’s symptoms.
Individuals who play sports that require the same constant action, such as running or cycling, should look out for the Syndrome’s symptoms as well as such individuals are prone to Chronic Compartment Syndrome in their lower limbs.
- Deep and constant pain
- A feeling of tightness
- Paresthesia (pins and needles)
- Burning sensation in the muscles
- In extreme cases, paralysis.
Sports massage can reduce the tension in the muscles in the affected compartment. This, in turn, reduces the strain on the tendons attached to the bone of the compartment, allowing it to heal. It also prevents the Syndrome from re-occurring once you resume your sport.