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Kinesio Taping Peroneal Tendon Sublaxtion


What is Peroneal Tendon Subluxation? Peroneals are two muscles and tendons that stretch along the outer edge of your lower leg. Specifically, the peroneal tendons are enclosed in a fibrous tunnel that is attached behind the outside ankle bone. Peroneal Tendon Subluxation occurs when there is damage or injury Read more

Walking or Running: Which is Better?


Walking and running are the most popular physical activities. Both are excellent aerobic exercises. Both help promote weight loss, improve your sleep, elevate your mood, boost your energy levels, decrease blood pressure and cholesterol levels and decrease the risk of cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. The debate Walking and running Read more

Treating Compartment Syndrome with Massage Therapy


A compartment is a section within the body that contains muscles, blood vessels and nerves. Anatomical compartments are surrounded by fascia, or fibrous tissue. Compartments are present in all our limbs. The Syndrome Compartment Syndrome is a condition where pressure within one or more of the body's compartments becomes high. Read more

Protect Your Knee From Sports Damage


Sports like football, hockey and tennis require you to run at different speeds, using varying acceleration. Many times, you have to change direction while your foot is placed firmly on the ground. This causes stress to your knees and stretches the ligaments around your knees. Sometimes, this results Read more

5 Olympic Sports That Will Enhance Your Fitness


Sports persons don't just have good bodies. They are also fit and healthy, thanks to the overall strengthening and toning effects of playing sports. If you want more than just a hot bod and be really fit, you need to start playing one of these Olympic sports. 1. Kayaking Read more

All You Need To Know About Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS)


Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, or PFPS, is a type of knee pain that happens around or under the patella. The patella is the kneecap or the roundish-triangular part that you can feel when you touch your knee in the front. It is also commonly called 'runner's knee' as it Read more

Kinesio Taping Peroneal Tendon Sublaxtion

Erik Parkin Edmonton Physical Therapy, Edmonton Physiotherapy, Injuries Leave a comment , , ,

What is Peroneal Tendon Subluxation?

Peroneals are two muscles and tendons that stretch along the outer edge of your lower leg. Specifically, the peroneal tendons are enclosed in a fibrous tunnel that is attached behind the outside ankle bone. Peroneal Tendon Subluxation occurs when there is damage or injury to this fibrous tunnel. The peroneal tendons can snap out of place, elongate or tear.
An injury like this usually occurs in runners and individuals who take part in sport activities that force the foot up and in, like skiing, ice skating or soccer.

What is the main cause of peroneal tendon subluxation?

Often, the main cause of peroneal tendon subluxation is an ankle sprain that injures the ligaments on the outer edge of the ankle which can also damage the peroneal tendons.
A typical ankle sprain involves the foot rolling in, leading to the peroneals getting forcefully stretched, ripping the retinaculum that keeps these tendons positioned in the groove.

As a result, the tendons jump out of the grove – though they usually relocate by snapping back into place.Subluxation may begin much later and can be overlooked while treatment focuses on the injury to other ligaments in the ankle.
If not corrected, this snapping of tendons can become a chronic and recurring problem.

What is Kinesio Taping?

Kinesio taping is a technique based on the body’s own natural healing process. It offers support and stability to your affected joints and muscles without affecting the circulation and range of motion with the help of Kinesiology tape.

This method stems from the science of ‘Kinesiology’, the scientific study of human movements.
It was discovered that by using an elastic tape, muscles and tissues could be helped by outside assistance. Employment of Kinesio Taping creates a totally new approach to treating nerves, muscles and organs.

Initially, the only users of Kinesio Taping were orthopedists, chiropractors, acupuncturists and other alternative medical practitioners. However, after being used by the Japanese Olympic volleyball players word quickly spread to the other athletes and today, Kinesio Taping is used by medical practitioners and athletes all around the world.

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Walking or Running: Which is Better?

Erik Parkin Edmonton Exercise Therapy, Edmonton Physical Therapy, exercise therapy, physiotherapy Leave a comment , ,

Walking and running are the most popular physical activities. Both are excellent aerobic exercises. Both help promote weight loss, improve your sleep, elevate your mood, boost your energy levels, decrease blood pressure and cholesterol levels and decrease the risk of cancer, diabetes, and heart disease.

The debate

Walking and running are low-cost, easy-to-do anywhere, year-round activities. Both are social activities — you can walk or run or with a friend.But whether one is preferable to the other in terms of improving health has long been debated. Ultimately, when it comes to the physical aspects, every activity has to be according to one’s body type and its adaptability.

This debate also has its outcome inclined to what you want to accomplish. If your mission relates to control or reduce your weight, running wins the discussion. But if it is just about having proper health, walking wouldn’t lose either.

What does research say?

In a study published in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, and unambiguously titled “Greater Weight Loss From Running than Walking,” researchers combed survey data from 15,237 walkers and 32,215 runners enrolled in the National Runners and Walkers Health Study — a large survey being conducted at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California. Participants were asked about their weight, waist circumference, diet and typical weekly walking or running mileage both when they joined the study, and then again up to six years later. The runners almost uniformly were thinner than the walkers when each joined the study. And they stayed that way throughout. Over the years, the runners maintained their body mass and waistlines far better than the walkers.

Making the choice

Those who do not wish to run can obtain the same health and fitness benefits by walking. Walking is good exercise for those who are just starting to workout or for those with health problems. For the significantly overweight, walking can be less stressful on the body. Those who desire, can slowly build up to running.

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Treating Compartment Syndrome with Massage Therapy

Erik Parkin Edmonton Physical Therapy, Message Therapy Leave a comment , , ,

A compartment is a section within the body that contains muscles, blood vessels and nerves. Anatomical compartments are surrounded by fascia, or fibrous tissue. Compartments are present in all our limbs.

The Syndrome

Compartment Syndrome is a condition where pressure within one or more of the body’s compartments becomes high. Compartment Syndrome can either be Acute or Chronic. Acute Compartment Syndrome usually occurs due to an accident that results in direct impact to one of the compartments in your arms or legs. Chronic Compartment Syndrome is an overuse injury where the muscles become too large for the compartment, causing increased pressure. One reason this could happen is due to overtraining or biomechanical abnormalities. This restricts blood flow to the compartment that leads to a deprivation of oxygen to the muscles.

Symptoms of Compartment Syndrome

Acute Compartment Syndrome is relatively easy to identify as it follows a big injury. Doctors working on the individual figure out if the individual has any of the Syndrome’s symptoms.

Individuals who play sports that require the same constant action, such as running or cycling, should look out for the Syndrome’s symptoms as well as such individuals are prone to Chronic Compartment Syndrome in their lower limbs.

Symptoms include:

- Deep and constant pain

- A feeling of tightness

- Paresthesia (pins and needles)

- Burning sensation in the muscles

- In extreme cases, paralysis.

Massage therapy

Sports massage can reduce the tension in the muscles in the affected compartment. This, in turn, reduces the strain on the tendons attached to the bone of the compartment, allowing it to heal. It also prevents the Syndrome from re-occurring once you resume your sport.

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Protect Your Knee From Sports Damage

Erik Parkin Edmonton Athletic Therapy, Edmonton Physical Therapy, exercise therapy, Injuries Leave a comment , , ,

Sports like football, hockey and tennis require you to run at different speeds, using varying acceleration. Many times, you have to change direction while your foot is placed firmly on the ground. This causes stress to your knees and stretches the ligaments around your knees. Sometimes, this results in tears to the cartilage or ligaments in your knees.

Knee damage causes a lot of pain and plenty of physiotherapy. That is why it is best to avoid injuries by protecting your knee as much as you can.

Stretch

Warm ups and cool downs are important before and after you play the game, respectively. Stretching your muscles before and after a game makes them less susceptible to injury. They also gain the flexibility needed to protect your cartilages.

Practice your moves

Your coach is the best advisor to tell you how to play the game with minimum injuries. He will teach you how to run correctly, change directions correctly, kick the ball correctly and do everything in a way that puts least pressure on your knees.

Rest

If you are injured in any part of the body, take rest. An injury to another body part may change your body’s stance and may in turn lead to greater strain being applied to the knee.

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What is Athletic Therapy and how it can help?

Erik Parkin Calgary Athletic Therapy, Edmonton Athletic Therapy, Edmonton Physical Therapy, Edmonton Physiotherapy, HCR Solutions 1 Comment , , , , , ,

What is Athletic TherapyAthletic therapists are highly skilled health care practitioners who help people prevent musculoskeletal injuries during strenuous activities; and should they occur, help them with immediate medical care and consequent recovery. Services offered by therapists range from orthopedic evaluation of injuries to selecting the proper equipment and exercise regime programs to maximize recovery.

Most athletic therapists are qualified to treat acute orthopedic injuries such as sprains, muscle strains, previous fractures, post surgery and concussions as well as chronic conditions such as tendinitis, lower back, shoulder and neck pain.

Athletic therapy is generally for, but not limited to, sports people. Anyone can see an athletic therapist for their injuries or chronic pain. These therapists specialize in helping people transition to an active lifestyle post injury with the help of appropriate assessment and treatment tools. They also employ scientifically researched and proven sports medicine models to rehabilitate people suffering from physical injuries incurred during sports, work or daily activities. Most athletic therapists work closely with other health care professionals to serve public and private sports clinics across the country.

Is Athletic Therapy different from Physiotherapy?

Athletic therapy and physiotherapy are mostly similar when it comes to diagnosing and immediate treatment of physical injuries. However, these two fields differ in the rehabilitation treatments and the scope of practice. While physiotherapy draws a lot of their physical training from athletic therapy, it may involve treatment of other physical injuries apart from orthopedics, such as strokes, congenital neurology or aging illnesses. Athletic therapy is very specifically involved in sports-related orthopedic injuries and conditions that affect the muscle bones and joints. Clients must check with their doctors and health care plans to see which would suit them better. Athletic therapy is also known for its aggressive treatment protocol in order to speed up the healing process, as opposed to physiotherapy which makes place for all other injuries and ailments.
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Physiotherapy for pelvic inflammatory diseases

Erik Parkin Edmonton Physical Therapy, Edmonton Physiotherapy, HCR Solutions, physiotherapy Leave a comment , , , , , ,

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a condition where the upper genital tract (ovaries and fallopian tubes) become infected. Most infections generally occur because of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and are blood borne. Common symptoms of this ailment are pain in the general peritonitis (lower abdomen region) along with fever and/or vomiting. There might also be discharge from vagina and irregular menstruation. It might also be accompanied by a severe case of diarrhea and dysuria (painful urination). If left untreated for long the infection may spread to other parts of the system, proving fatal.

Since the causative agent for PIDs in 60-70% is because of microbial infection (gonococcal and chlamydial infections being more common), the first avenue of treatment employs pharmacological agents such as antibiotics that help to control the spread of infection and eradicate the cause. In many cases, antibiotic treatment is supported with physiotherapy to address the other symptoms associated with the disease.

How does physiotherapy help in treating pelvic inflammatory disease?

Physiotherapy aids the pharmacological treatment of PID in different capacities at different stages of progression of the disease.

1.      Acute Stage
In mild and moderate (acute) cases of PID, physiotherapy is used to relieve the pain and inflammation that the patient experiences. For this, the patient does not need to be hospitalized but is given short wave diathermy therapy for a short period (5-10 minutes) three times a week.

Short wave diathermy uses short wave pulses to produce heat in deep and superficial tissues. The heat causes the blood vessels to dilate causing increased circulation. This promotes healing and reduces pain. Some therapists use the cross fire method of SWD where the pulses are delivered to the affected region in two directions, for which the patient may have to lie down or sit up.

2.      Chronic Stage
At the chronic stages of the disease, physiotherapy aims not only to relieve pain and promote healing around the area, but also aims to increase functional movement and treat musculoskeletal dysfunction (muscle immobility).
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Spinal Stenosis and Physiotherapy

Erik Parkin Edmonton Physical Therapy, Edmonton Physiotherapy, HCR Solutions, physiotherapy Leave a comment , , , , , , , , , ,

Spinal stenosisWhat is Spinal Stenosis?
Spinal stenosis is when the spinal canal through which the spinal cord and nerves pass through begins to narrow down, thus creating pressure or ‘choking’ the spinal cord and nerves.  This might happen either in the spinal canal in the center of the vertebral column or in the foramens through which nerves leave the spine and go to other parts of the body. Most common cause of spinal stenosis in men and women is related to degenerative changes that come along with aging. In the infrequent cases that it might occur in younger people, it is usually because they have suffered an injury or are born with a narrow canal.

Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis
Most common symptoms of this disease are that the patients experience numbness in certain areas, muscle weakness, cramping or pain in the limbs and impaired reflexes. More specific symptoms may depend on which part of the spine is affected, the most common being the lumbar(low back) and cervical (neck) region.  This usually affects movement of the legs and/or arms, causing pain, tingling and weakness. If the narrowed space is pushing down on the nerve roots, patients are likely to experience shooting pains which are only relieved by sitting or adjusting posture.
 
Spinal Stenosis Treatment
The primary reason to seek physiotherapy for stenosis is so that you can manage your pain.  The therapist may use an array of tools such as ice therapy, electrotherapy, acupuncture, soft tissue massage and temporary back brace to reduce pain and inflammation. Your doctor may also recommend anti-inflammatory drugs to assist the process.
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Kinesio Taping Shoulder Instability

Erik Parkin Edmonton Exercise Therapy, Edmonton Injury Rehab, Edmonton Physical Therapy, Edmonton Physiotherapy, Exercise Therapy Edmonton Calgary, HCR Solutions 2 Comments , , , , , ,

Kinesio TapingWhat is Kinesio Taping?
Kinesio Taping is a therapeutic taping technique which is prominently used in sport and physical therapy. Kinesiology is a part of medicine that not only attributes movement to muscles, but also control of circulation of lymph and blood, body temperatures etc. It attempts to treat muscles in such a way as to activate the body’s own natural healing process.

The Kinesio Taping method gives support and stability to the joints and muscles while allowing free movement and circulation. It is used to prevent injuries during strenuous activities, support muscles, relax overused muscles, treat pain, inflammation and edema.

Shoulder Instability
Shoulder instabilities can develop after acute dislocation or long term overuse activities that stretch the shoulder capsule. While most instabilities result in an injury in the anterior and adjoining regions, the joint and its movement might be affected. This might cause the area to become inflamed. The muscles may be compressed against the shoulder blade or arch leading to a development of edema, and over time, partial or full thickness injury.

How does Kinesio Taping help?
Kinesio Taping helps to stabilize the joint and supports the shoulder muscles to move freely, thus reducing edema and pain. It improves shoulder security, power and stability in conditions of shoulder fracture, frozen shoulder, muscle pains or strains, pinched nerves, overuse injuries, rotator cuff injuries, shoulder arthritis, shoulder dislocation and other injuries by Read more


Autism Spectrum Disorder and Physical Therapy

Erik Parkin Edmonton Physical Therapy, Edmonton Physiotherapy, HCR Solutions, Home Physical Therapy Calgary  1 Comment , , , , , , ,

Autism Spectrum Disorder How does Autism Spectrum Disorder affect motor movement?

We include movement in our social, emotional and physical lives from an early age. At 4 months, a child will kick their arms and legs when they see something funny or an 18 months old will bring their As the child grows, the length and complexity of movement sequences become more sophisticated. However, children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are often unable to coordinate the variety of movements that are required to accomplish these interactions, as seen from studying the home videos of ASD children in their infancy.

These differences in motor movement development are due to a lot of factors. Most children suffering from ASD find it difficult to coherently time, plan the sequence, and execute the movements in order to relay or do something, like reach for an object or crawl towards somebody. This may be affected by the fact that they have developed poor sensory processes and reflexes. The information that they receive from their environment may not be the same as is perceived by other children. They may be over or under sensitive to smell, light, touch, sound, sight or movement. A child with ASD is also likely to suffer from poor muscle development, meaning his muscle tone and stiffness are decreased. This may require the child to put in more effort and energy to move which in turn will delay its sensory and motor development.

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Treatment Options for Avascular Necrosis

Erik Parkin Edmonton Exercise Therapy, Edmonton Injury Rehab, Edmonton Physical Therapy, Edmonton Physiotherapy, Exercise Therapy Edmonton Calgary, HCR Solutions, Mobile Physical Therapy 1 Comment , , , , , ,

Treatment for Avascular NecrosisAvascular necrosis is the slow decay of the bones caused due to reduction in the supply of blood to the region. This may result in joint aches and weak bones. If left untreated, it may also cause an eventual collapse and distortion of the weakened bone which may cause fractures, joint dislocations or severe arthritis.

Treatment for Avascular Necrosis

The goals when treating avascular necrosis are to ensure that the pain is reduced, the progression of the bone damage is stopped and the functioning of the affected joint is rehabilitated. The best treatment options available to a patient will be determined by a number of factors which include the patient’s age, severity of the disease, location and amount of bone damage and causative factors for the disease.

Treatment for Acute Avascular Necrosis

If the causing factor of the disease is identified, the treatment will focus on managing the underlying condition that gives rise to it. For example, if the disease is being caused due to blockage of your blood vessels by blood clots or fat deposits, the doctor can prescribe medication to dissolve the clots. If the blood supply is thwarted because the blood vessels have become swollen, the doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medicines to resolve the causative condition. Read more