Gait or walking process is a very complex task. The intricate movement sub-processes which are involved in getting you from point A to B are more complicated than you could ever imagine. Gait training has various purposes depending on the patient undergoing gait treatment. For athletes, gait training could be recuperating from a lower body injury or performance enhancing training. For patients with specific medical conditions, it could be just the ability to walk with normal movement.
What causes gait imbalance?
There are a few common causes of gait problems which includes diseases, accident related injuries or repeated usage of wrong footwear which alters gait. The most common cause of gait imbalance is a primary medical condition such as multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson’s disease, cerebral palsy, arthritis, brain tumour, spinal cord compression and gout. Injury to the foot may cause an individual to develop an unusual swing in walking to avoid pain. This a major cause of temporary gait imbalance. Injury specific trauma and inflammation might cause temporary imbalance but neurological conditions often turn out to be long-term difficulties. Poor posture is another important factor causing gait issues.
July 19, 2014
Articles, exercise therapy, How to, Injuries
, Kinesio Taping Method
, Kinesiology Tape Help?
, Kinesiology Taping for Athletic Injuries
, Physical Therapy
, Shoulder Bursitis
, Treating Shoulder Bursitis
, Whiplash Injury
Shoulder pain is a very common complaint and the diagnosis and management of shoulder injuries is one of the most challenging areas of musculoskeletal medicine.
The shoulder is a complex and relatively unstable joint that every person uses extensively on a daily basis. Every time you wash your hair in the shower or reach up into a cupboard you’re aggravating the condition. Athletes in the course of a practice or competition may tweak a shoulder and strain hundreds of times. Consequently, what started as a minor strain can easily become a chronic problem. Conditions leading to shoulder pain include dislocation, separation, tendonitis, bursitis, rotator cuff, and impingement Syndrome. Read more
The soccer world cup in Brazil is getting more exciting with each passing day. As much as soccer is known for the entertaining contests it is also known for the excruciating injuries sustained by players. Who could forget legendary Chelsea goalkeeper Peter Cech’s depressed skull fracture sustained in a 2006 match which nearly cost him his life. Not just sports, a skull fracture might be caused during any activity if your head sustains a heavy blow. Here is all you need to know about skull fractures and their treatment.
What is a skull fracture?
A skull fracture is nothing but a type of break in the neurocranium (part of the skull which protects the brain). This break can be in one or more of the total 8 bones which comprise the neurocranium. Our skull is made up of three layers – the outermost layer is hard and compact called as the lamina externa, the middle layer is diploe which consists of spongy red bone marrow and the compact innermost layer known as the lamina interna. Concussions are a caused by blunt blows to the head of any intensity. Unlike popular belief a concussion might be caused without loss of consciousness. Skull fractures may lead to damage to the membranes, blood vessels and the brain itself.
Types of skull fracture
There are 4 major types of skull fractures out of which linear fractures are most commonly observed.
The linear skull fracture is caused by a break in the bone with full thickness. Blunt force injuries cause the skull to crack in a straight (linear) manner with the energy absorbed over a wide surface are. There is no bone displacement and so medically linear skull fractures have little significance.
Skull fractures which involve breaking of the outer skull bone and inward displacement of the broken pieces is known as a depressed skull fracture. Blunt force trauma such as being struck with a hammer or a rock, being kicked in the head or head trauma in a road accident might cause the fracture. The displaced bone pieces cause increase in the intracranial pressure (ICP) of the brain which crushes delicate tissue. The broken bone pieces usually require surgical intervention. This fracture is also more dangerous because of the risk of contamination at the point of depression.
Skull suture is a fibrous joint that binds the bones of neurocranium together. A diastatic fracture causes the sutures to widen as the fracture affects more than one bone. It is usually seen in infants and children under the age of three years as their sutures are not yet fused together. In adults, the diastatic fracture is caused to the lambodial suture which remains in a semi-fused state till 60.
A very rarely occurring fracture, basilar fractures are caused to a blow to the base of the skull. The rarity of this fracture is attributed to the awkward location.
A concussion however small should be medically examined. A symptom as common as a headache could save your life!
Trigger finger is a painful condition even in its initial phase and worse gets worse later on. It impairs your hand’s motor skills and makes it painful to even perform simplest of tasks which involve your affected hand. Curling up and locking-popping of the affected finger can be controlled and contained by a series of targeted exercises. Exercises need to be performed targeting the opposite action in order to achieve mobility. Here is a mix of stretching and strengthening exercises which will help you battle trigger finger.
1. Finger Abduction
Finger abduction is achieved by placing the affected finger side by side a normal finger with your hand stretched out straight. Now, using two fingers of your other hand gently press the side by side placed fingers. Try to move the together placed fingers apart and apply a comfortable pressure on them with your other fingers to achieve slight resistance. The pressure should be such that the two fingers separate with some effort. This exercise is beneficial in improving blood circulation to the injured finger. Repeat 8-10 times in 3 sets a day.
2. Finger Stretch
To perform the exercise, keep your injured hand on a flat surface. Now, hold the injured finger with your other hand and gently raise it. Keep on raising it until a comfortable stretch is achieved. Hold the position for 2-3 seconds and then return to starting position. Repeat 8-10 times in 3 sets a day.
3. Finger Spread
To perform the finger spread you will need an elastic band. Begin with pinching together fingertips your injured arm. Now, place an elastic band over the pinched fingers. Start moving your fingers away from each other and feel the elastic band tension work against your movement. Keep on moving till your injured finger is comfortable and then return to neutral position. Repeat this expansion-contraction routine 8-10 times in 3 sets a day. Read more
Our hands have such precision motor skills because each individual digit can move freely through a full range of motion. If this motoring skill is hampered even in a single digit it can result in a considerable loss of normal function. Trigger finger is such a bone and joint condition which hampers your finger’s flexion and extension abilities making it difficult to perform even simple daily chores without pain. The affected digit gets locked in a curled up position when bent towards the palm and frees with a pop, a mechanism from which the condition’s name is derived.
What is trigger finger?
Our fingers achieve this excellent dexterity through a complicated mechanism which involves pulley like structures along each digit of the hand. This pulley mechanism is dependent on the flexor tendon sheath for smooth gliding movement in normal condition. For a cause yet unknown, the flexor tendon sheath present in the digits thickens making the movement through the pulleys difficult. The tendon gets stuck in the pulley when a flexion (curling movement of the digit) is attempted. This curled up position can be a permanent deformity or the finger might snap back into normal position through a forced extension.
Trigger finger is caused by the inflammation of the tendon sheath which hampers the gliding mechanism in the digit pulleys but what triggers this inflammation is still unknown. The most commonly known facts about trigger finger are that it is commonly observed in the 3rd or 4th digit and they are more common in women than men. There are strong chances that patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes. Another widely accepted theory is that of repetitive trauma to a particular digit. Read more
Footballers are no doubt amongst the fittest sportspersons with the amount of running they do on field. According to a recent report English footballer Wayne Rooney runs an approximate average of 12 kms in every match. Thanks to their rigorous workout routine footballers are able to go through this physical torture in every match. So how do these lads achieve insanely high fitness levels? Here are a few secrets you could follow to emulate your favourite soccer star’s fitness.
Squats are important in building lower limb strength and stability. To perform squats stand with your feet shoulder length apart. Now, go down by bending your knees and arms stretched out horizontally. Keep on going till your thighs are parallel to the ground and hold the position for 2-3 seconds. Return to neutral position and repeat the exercise 8-10 times. To increase the intensity of the workout weights can be added later on.
2. Monitor your heart rate
Monitoring your heart rate is important to determine your fitness levels. Spike your heart rate through high intensity workout for a short span max of 2 mins and then notice the time taken for recovery. Lesser time taken for recovery is a sign of a fit body. Read more
Resistance bands are the best equipment for shoulder exercises. Unlike weights, resistance bands offer a varied range of motion for the shoulder joint making it a favourable option. Resistance bands have caused a consistent conversion of weight addicts to strength training and also reduce injuries. A resistance band might look like a simple piece of equipment, but the results achieved through a variety of exercises make it a must have. Here is the best mix of five exercises that will help you improve core shoulder strength and boost stability.
1. Lateral Raise
Lateral raises targets your middle shoulder region and strengthens the area through shoulder abduction and adduction. To perform the lateral raises, you have to stand on the middle of the resistance band, while holding both the ends of the band in your hands in a comfortable position. Now, slowly raise your arms laterally till your shoulder height and hold the position for 2 seconds. Relax your arms into the starting position. Make sure your arms remain straight during the course of the exercise.
June 26, 2014
Articles, exercise therapy, How to, Injuries
Alternating Push ups
, Ball Exercises
, Medicine Ball Exercises
, Power Squat
, Russian Twists (Standing)
, Sit up pass
Medicine balls have been in existence for as long as medicine science itself. Sand-filled pouches which could have been the origin of the medicine ball were used by the father of medicine, Hippocrates himself in treating injuries. Medicine balls have been effective in increasing core strength of athletes looking for sport specific workouts.
The first step towards a successful medicine ball workout session is to select the right ball. Medicine balls are available in varying weights. Start by lifting the ball, if you can lift it very easily move to another. The goal is to select a ball which will slow down your motion considerably but not to the level of injury. There are innumerable exercises which can be performed with the medicine ball, but here are the top five exercises which will help you keep your entire body in shape.
Golfer’s elbow is a similar medical condition to Tennis Elbow. When you get a Golfer’s Elbow, the joint swells up and moving your arm becomes extremely painful. Golfer’s Elbow is an inflammatory condition of the medial epicondyle of the elbow. The medial epicondyle is a prominent ligament of the elbow.
The major difference between Golfer’s and Tennis Elbow is that different ligaments get affected and there are different causes for the medical conditions.
The major symptom of Golfer’s Elbow is that your elbow will swell up, becoming red and you’ll have difficulty in moving your arm.
Cause of Golfer’s Elbow
Though Golfer’s Elbow points towards people who play golf, most people affected by Golfer’s Elbow have never played golf in their entire life. This medical condition is linked to an acute or overuse injury.
June 16, 2014
Articles, exercise therapy, How to
, Eat well to stay well
, Exercise regularly
, Joints Healthy
, Keep Your Joints Healthy
, Maintain a healthy weight
, Maintain good posture
, Protect your joints
, Stay hydrated
Most of us are unaware of the daily wear and tear that our joints go through in performing routine tasks. It gets our attention only when they cause pain or impair movement. Joint well being is a growing concern for the current population which has developed multitudes of unhealthy habits. Joint injuries and ailments are common during old age, but a number of young people have complained about joint issues. Here are a few simple lifestyle and workout changes which will make those joints last longer.
1. Maintain a healthy weight
The first thing to start off with is maintaining your weight. There are multiple benefits of keeping your weight in check one of which is less strain on your joints. Your joints, especially knee joints are under the constant stress of carrying your body weight around. Keeping your weight in check can help relieve stress from these joints and promote joint stability and strength.