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Kinesio Taping Peroneal Tendon Sublaxtion


What is Peroneal Tendon Subluxation? Peroneals are two muscles and tendons that stretch along the outer edge of your lower leg. Specifically, the peroneal tendons are enclosed in a fibrous tunnel that is attached behind the outside ankle bone. Peroneal Tendon Subluxation occurs when there is damage or injury Read more

Walking or Running: Which is Better?


Walking and running are the most popular physical activities. Both are excellent aerobic exercises. Both help promote weight loss, improve your sleep, elevate your mood, boost your energy levels, decrease blood pressure and cholesterol levels and decrease the risk of cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. The debate Walking and running Read more

Treating Compartment Syndrome with Massage Therapy


A compartment is a section within the body that contains muscles, blood vessels and nerves. Anatomical compartments are surrounded by fascia, or fibrous tissue. Compartments are present in all our limbs. The Syndrome Compartment Syndrome is a condition where pressure within one or more of the body's compartments becomes high. Read more

Protect Your Knee From Sports Damage


Sports like football, hockey and tennis require you to run at different speeds, using varying acceleration. Many times, you have to change direction while your foot is placed firmly on the ground. This causes stress to your knees and stretches the ligaments around your knees. Sometimes, this results Read more

5 Olympic Sports That Will Enhance Your Fitness


Sports persons don't just have good bodies. They are also fit and healthy, thanks to the overall strengthening and toning effects of playing sports. If you want more than just a hot bod and be really fit, you need to start playing one of these Olympic sports. 1. Kayaking Read more

All You Need To Know About Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS)


Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, or PFPS, is a type of knee pain that happens around or under the patella. The patella is the kneecap or the roundish-triangular part that you can feel when you touch your knee in the front. It is also commonly called 'runner's knee' as it Read more

Kinesio Taping Peroneal Tendon Sublaxtion

Erik Parkin Edmonton Physical Therapy, Edmonton Physiotherapy, Injuries Leave a comment , , ,

What is Peroneal Tendon Subluxation?

Peroneals are two muscles and tendons that stretch along the outer edge of your lower leg. Specifically, the peroneal tendons are enclosed in a fibrous tunnel that is attached behind the outside ankle bone. Peroneal Tendon Subluxation occurs when there is damage or injury to this fibrous tunnel. The peroneal tendons can snap out of place, elongate or tear.
An injury like this usually occurs in runners and individuals who take part in sport activities that force the foot up and in, like skiing, ice skating or soccer.

What is the main cause of peroneal tendon subluxation?

Often, the main cause of peroneal tendon subluxation is an ankle sprain that injures the ligaments on the outer edge of the ankle which can also damage the peroneal tendons.
A typical ankle sprain involves the foot rolling in, leading to the peroneals getting forcefully stretched, ripping the retinaculum that keeps these tendons positioned in the groove.

As a result, the tendons jump out of the grove – though they usually relocate by snapping back into place.Subluxation may begin much later and can be overlooked while treatment focuses on the injury to other ligaments in the ankle.
If not corrected, this snapping of tendons can become a chronic and recurring problem.

What is Kinesio Taping?

Kinesio taping is a technique based on the body’s own natural healing process. It offers support and stability to your affected joints and muscles without affecting the circulation and range of motion with the help of Kinesiology tape.

This method stems from the science of ‘Kinesiology’, the scientific study of human movements.
It was discovered that by using an elastic tape, muscles and tissues could be helped by outside assistance. Employment of Kinesio Taping creates a totally new approach to treating nerves, muscles and organs.

Initially, the only users of Kinesio Taping were orthopedists, chiropractors, acupuncturists and other alternative medical practitioners. However, after being used by the Japanese Olympic volleyball players word quickly spread to the other athletes and today, Kinesio Taping is used by medical practitioners and athletes all around the world.

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Walking or Running: Which is Better?

Erik Parkin Edmonton Exercise Therapy, Edmonton Physical Therapy, exercise therapy, physiotherapy Leave a comment , ,

Walking and running are the most popular physical activities. Both are excellent aerobic exercises. Both help promote weight loss, improve your sleep, elevate your mood, boost your energy levels, decrease blood pressure and cholesterol levels and decrease the risk of cancer, diabetes, and heart disease.

The debate

Walking and running are low-cost, easy-to-do anywhere, year-round activities. Both are social activities — you can walk or run or with a friend.But whether one is preferable to the other in terms of improving health has long been debated. Ultimately, when it comes to the physical aspects, every activity has to be according to one’s body type and its adaptability.

This debate also has its outcome inclined to what you want to accomplish. If your mission relates to control or reduce your weight, running wins the discussion. But if it is just about having proper health, walking wouldn’t lose either.

What does research say?

In a study published in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, and unambiguously titled “Greater Weight Loss From Running than Walking,” researchers combed survey data from 15,237 walkers and 32,215 runners enrolled in the National Runners and Walkers Health Study — a large survey being conducted at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California. Participants were asked about their weight, waist circumference, diet and typical weekly walking or running mileage both when they joined the study, and then again up to six years later. The runners almost uniformly were thinner than the walkers when each joined the study. And they stayed that way throughout. Over the years, the runners maintained their body mass and waistlines far better than the walkers.

Making the choice

Those who do not wish to run can obtain the same health and fitness benefits by walking. Walking is good exercise for those who are just starting to workout or for those with health problems. For the significantly overweight, walking can be less stressful on the body. Those who desire, can slowly build up to running.

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Treating Compartment Syndrome with Massage Therapy

Erik Parkin Edmonton Physical Therapy, Message Therapy Leave a comment , , ,

A compartment is a section within the body that contains muscles, blood vessels and nerves. Anatomical compartments are surrounded by fascia, or fibrous tissue. Compartments are present in all our limbs.

The Syndrome

Compartment Syndrome is a condition where pressure within one or more of the body’s compartments becomes high. Compartment Syndrome can either be Acute or Chronic. Acute Compartment Syndrome usually occurs due to an accident that results in direct impact to one of the compartments in your arms or legs. Chronic Compartment Syndrome is an overuse injury where the muscles become too large for the compartment, causing increased pressure. One reason this could happen is due to overtraining or biomechanical abnormalities. This restricts blood flow to the compartment that leads to a deprivation of oxygen to the muscles.

Symptoms of Compartment Syndrome

Acute Compartment Syndrome is relatively easy to identify as it follows a big injury. Doctors working on the individual figure out if the individual has any of the Syndrome’s symptoms.

Individuals who play sports that require the same constant action, such as running or cycling, should look out for the Syndrome’s symptoms as well as such individuals are prone to Chronic Compartment Syndrome in their lower limbs.

Symptoms include:

- Deep and constant pain

- A feeling of tightness

- Paresthesia (pins and needles)

- Burning sensation in the muscles

- In extreme cases, paralysis.

Massage therapy

Sports massage can reduce the tension in the muscles in the affected compartment. This, in turn, reduces the strain on the tendons attached to the bone of the compartment, allowing it to heal. It also prevents the Syndrome from re-occurring once you resume your sport.

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Protect Your Knee From Sports Damage

Erik Parkin Edmonton Athletic Therapy, Edmonton Physical Therapy, exercise therapy, Injuries Leave a comment , , ,

Sports like football, hockey and tennis require you to run at different speeds, using varying acceleration. Many times, you have to change direction while your foot is placed firmly on the ground. This causes stress to your knees and stretches the ligaments around your knees. Sometimes, this results in tears to the cartilage or ligaments in your knees.

Knee damage causes a lot of pain and plenty of physiotherapy. That is why it is best to avoid injuries by protecting your knee as much as you can.

Stretch

Warm ups and cool downs are important before and after you play the game, respectively. Stretching your muscles before and after a game makes them less susceptible to injury. They also gain the flexibility needed to protect your cartilages.

Practice your moves

Your coach is the best advisor to tell you how to play the game with minimum injuries. He will teach you how to run correctly, change directions correctly, kick the ball correctly and do everything in a way that puts least pressure on your knees.

Rest

If you are injured in any part of the body, take rest. An injury to another body part may change your body’s stance and may in turn lead to greater strain being applied to the knee.

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5 Olympic Sports That Will Enhance Your Fitness

Erik Parkin Uncategorized Leave a comment , , , ,

Sports persons don’t just have good bodies. They are also fit and healthy, thanks to the overall strengthening and toning effects of playing sports. If you want more than just a hot bod and be really fit, you need to start playing one of these Olympic sports.

1. Kayaking / Canoeing / Rowing

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Sports like rowing, kayaking or canoeing provide a strong upper body workout. Like any focused upper body workouts, these sports also result in a slightly lower overall testosterone release. Lower testosterone means that you do not add bulky muscles to your frame, but remain toned. This high calorie burn job will melt all the fat while keeping your muscle mass intact.

2. Football

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Football is one of the most effective cardio workouts. It builds tremendous stamina and is great for strong calves and glutes. Playing football keeps your body toned and not bulky.

3. RunningID-100149583

Runners typically maintain a metabolic rate that is 30-50% higher than an average individual. This means that running not only allows you to lose weight while you’re exercising, but also during the rest of the day, thanks to the increased metabolism.

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All You Need To Know About Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS)

Erik Parkin Uncategorized Leave a comment

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, or PFPS, is a type of knee pain that happens around or under the patella. The patella is the kneecap or the roundish-triangular part that you can feel when you touch your knee in the front. It is also commonly called ‘runner’s knee’ as it is said to contribute to almost 17% of all running related injuries.

Symptoms of PFPS

The symptoms of PFPS are aching pain in the knee, which is worse than the kind of knee pain people get when they’ve been walking up-slope, on stairs or sitting for long periods of time. Sometimes, a cracking sound is also heard when the knee joints move.

Causes

PFPS usually occurs in people who play sports that cause a lot of pressure in the patellofemural joint. This is the joint that connects the patella to the femur (thigh bone). Those who run or jump a lot in the sports that they play are most affected, therefore the nickname ‘runner’s knee’. This causes an inflammation or compression in the surrounding cartilage that results in pain. This is most likely to happen to those who have weak muscles around the knee, such as quadriceps or VMO. This leads to an inefficient movement mechanism of the femur when you run or jump, causing the patellofemural joint to slowly wear down. Adolescent girls tend to be more affected by PFPS.

Treatment

Exercising

Exercises that loosen up the thigh and calf muscles are popularly used to enhance the technique used by your leg muscles to move in order to reduce the pressure on the patellofemural joint. These exercises include stretching and exercises for the quadriceps. While there are plenty of videos online, you must visit a physical therapist who will show you the exercises that are best for you, based on your X-Rays.

Foam rolling

This is another way of loosening your thigh muscles. There are various exercises that your physical therapist can show you using the foam roller. This, like stretching, releases the tension in your muscles.

Kinesio taping

Kinesio tapes can also be used for relief. Tapes alter the tracking of the patella and thus release pressure from the joints in the knee. This method works for some people and doesn’t for others. A kinesiologist will be able to identify what’s working for you.

Knee braces

Patella tracking knee braces are shaped to go around the knee area on the leg, with an opening in front of the patella. They support the patella and help ease the pressure when you’re running or jumping.

Massages

Sports massages, given by sports or athletic therapists, again help to loosen up your muscles, which allow your joints to work in the desired fashion. Massages are a good way to supplement any of the other above techniques.

 

PFPS is easily managed with these techniques, so all you need to do is head to the nearest physical therapist to sort out your problem ASAP!


Bad Postures That Are Ruining Your Health

Erik Parkin Uncategorized Leave a comment

It’s bad enough that we don’t do the kind of physical labor our ancestors did. But we tend to make it worse by topping our sedentary lifestyle with bad posture. Consistently maintaining poor posture causes a lot of trouble when we are on the wrong side of 30 and negatively affects our lifestyle. Once the damage is done, specific exercises, posture correction and certain restrictions in sports have to be made as a lifestyle change. That is a place you don’t want to be in.

 

Correct these bad postures that are ruining your health before you are affected.

 

1. Hunchback posture-problems-3

The hunchback is the most noticeable bad posture used by people. This is the posture when your back is not straight, but turned over towards the front of your body. It is commonly seen in people while sitting, standing, walking or running. It usually forms as a habit from your childhood because of laziness and stays on unless someone constantly corrects you to sit up straight.

Hunchbacks can cause pressure to build up on the spine, causing varying degrees of pain. The pain can be so bad that you may be unable to sit or stand for more than a few seconds.

 

 

2. Pelvic tilt tilt

A pelvic tilt occurs when your pelvis does not rest in the right position on your femur (thigh bone). Extended hours of sitting without any breaks to get up and walk can cause a pelvic tilt. Depending on your posture, you could have an anterior or posterior pelvic tilt. An anterior pelvic tilt happens when the front of the pelvis drops and the back rises. This causes your stomach to protrude even if you don’t have any belly fat. A posterior pelvic tilt happens when the front of the pelvis rises and the back drops. This causes your entire body to tilt forward, giving you a slightly hunchbacked appearance.

Pelvic tilts cause pain in the lower back. They also give you an unsightly appearance.

 

3. Reversed neck fig neck decay

When using your computer, check yourself whenever you seem to be leaning your neck forward. A normal neck should be slightly curved with the protruding part of the curve on the front of your body. However, extended hours or staring at a computer screen at the wrong height can cause your neck to start leaning forward. This leads to varying degrees of neck tilt, the worst being the reversed neck, in which case the curve turns the other way.

 

The reversed neck causes a lot of pain and leads to limitations in neck movement. In severe cases, the vertebrae put pressure in the spinal chord, causing weakness in the arms or legs, loss of grip strength or a difficulty in walking. Some cases have also led to loss of bladder control and / or paralysis.

 

4. Non right angled elbow Ergonomics-Elbow-Angle-Optimal

Whether you are a computer user or someone who studies for long periods of time, ensure that your elbows are always at a 90-degree angle when placed on a desk. If this angle is either lesser or more, it leads to pressure on your elbow joint.

 

A consistently maintained non right angled elbow causes pain in and around the elbow, as well as the shoulders.

 

 

5. Bent wristskeyboard

A lot of people angle their wrists either up, down or sideways while typing on a keyboard. This is especially true for laptop users who really don’t have it easy. If you keep your elbows and wrists straight, you need to turn your neck down to see the screen. If you change the height of your chair so that your neck is straight, you end up angling your elbows and wrists wrong. It’s a no-win situation. That’s why, for prolonged computer usage, always use a desktop. It is far more ergonomic.

 

Bent wrists lead to pain and can also cause carpal tunnel syndrome.

 


Making BPPV go away!

Erik Parkin Uncategorized Leave a comment

It’s really hard when you live with Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo or BPPV. BPPV causes you to experience episodes of vertigo i.e. a spinning sensation. Usually, the feeling of spinning or going into a dizzy state occurs when you move your head around in a quick fashion, in which case there is no problem (don’t self diagnose yourself with BPPV if you’ve been running round in circles and feeling dizzy!). But BPPV causes your brain to go into the same state even when you make small motions using your head. This becomes a huge problem when it interferes with your daily life.

Symptoms

- Vertigo that lasts from a few seconds to a few minutes

- Whenever you change your position in a certain way (the pattern is different for different people)

- Nausea

- Difficulty to see properly or focus your sight during an attack

- Sometimes, fainting

- Rarely, vomiting

Do you have BPPV?

You can find out using the Dix Hallpike Manuever. This test must be done in the presence of a trained tester or physical therapist. The maneuver recreates the pattern that brings out the symptoms of BPPV to test whether you have the disorder or not. You can see the Dix Hallpike Manuever in this video.

Why does this happen?

Your ear has calcium crystals that provide gravitational data to the brain. So the feeling of weightlessness when the ferris wheel moves down or when a car accelerates is all thanks to these crystals. In some people, these crystals get dislocated and notoriously send incorrect gravitational data to our brain. So our brain starts thinking and behaving like we would if our head was in randomly changing motion!

Can BPPV be treated?

The symptoms of BPPV can be treated. Brandt Daroff exercises are prescribed by doctors to many BPPV sufferers. These exercises involve repeating certain movements in the head that mildly induce vertigo. These exercises are usually meant to be performed 2-3 times a day for a few weeks. They are known to reduce the symptoms of BPPV in more than 95% of all cases.

For starters, you need to visit a physical therapist who will teach you how to perform these exercises in a way that will benefit your specific condition best. Once you have learned these, you can continue these exercises at home. Here’s a great video that shows you how thee Brandt Daroff exercises are performed.

It is recommended that you visit your physical therapist once you have completed performing the exercises for the prescribed period of time. The physical therapist will test your symptoms using the Dix Hallpike Maneuver once again.

The symptoms of BPPV are the only major causes of concern of having BPPV. These symptoms are also easily controllable. If you think you have BPPV, don’t wait for it to get worse. Treat it now and start living the quality of life you want to.


What is Athletic Therapy and how it can help?

Erik Parkin Calgary Athletic Therapy, Edmonton Athletic Therapy, Edmonton Physical Therapy, Edmonton Physiotherapy, HCR Solutions 1 Comment , , , , , ,

What is Athletic TherapyAthletic therapists are highly skilled health care practitioners who help people prevent musculoskeletal injuries during strenuous activities; and should they occur, help them with immediate medical care and consequent recovery. Services offered by therapists range from orthopedic evaluation of injuries to selecting the proper equipment and exercise regime programs to maximize recovery.

Most athletic therapists are qualified to treat acute orthopedic injuries such as sprains, muscle strains, previous fractures, post surgery and concussions as well as chronic conditions such as tendinitis, lower back, shoulder and neck pain.

Athletic therapy is generally for, but not limited to, sports people. Anyone can see an athletic therapist for their injuries or chronic pain. These therapists specialize in helping people transition to an active lifestyle post injury with the help of appropriate assessment and treatment tools. They also employ scientifically researched and proven sports medicine models to rehabilitate people suffering from physical injuries incurred during sports, work or daily activities. Most athletic therapists work closely with other health care professionals to serve public and private sports clinics across the country.

Is Athletic Therapy different from Physiotherapy?

Athletic therapy and physiotherapy are mostly similar when it comes to diagnosing and immediate treatment of physical injuries. However, these two fields differ in the rehabilitation treatments and the scope of practice. While physiotherapy draws a lot of their physical training from athletic therapy, it may involve treatment of other physical injuries apart from orthopedics, such as strokes, congenital neurology or aging illnesses. Athletic therapy is very specifically involved in sports-related orthopedic injuries and conditions that affect the muscle bones and joints. Clients must check with their doctors and health care plans to see which would suit them better. Athletic therapy is also known for its aggressive treatment protocol in order to speed up the healing process, as opposed to physiotherapy which makes place for all other injuries and ailments.
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Physiotherapy for pelvic inflammatory diseases

Erik Parkin Edmonton Physical Therapy, Edmonton Physiotherapy, HCR Solutions, physiotherapy Leave a comment , , , , , ,

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a condition where the upper genital tract (ovaries and fallopian tubes) become infected. Most infections generally occur because of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and are blood borne. Common symptoms of this ailment are pain in the general peritonitis (lower abdomen region) along with fever and/or vomiting. There might also be discharge from vagina and irregular menstruation. It might also be accompanied by a severe case of diarrhea and dysuria (painful urination). If left untreated for long the infection may spread to other parts of the system, proving fatal.

Since the causative agent for PIDs in 60-70% is because of microbial infection (gonococcal and chlamydial infections being more common), the first avenue of treatment employs pharmacological agents such as antibiotics that help to control the spread of infection and eradicate the cause. In many cases, antibiotic treatment is supported with physiotherapy to address the other symptoms associated with the disease.

How does physiotherapy help in treating pelvic inflammatory disease?

Physiotherapy aids the pharmacological treatment of PID in different capacities at different stages of progression of the disease.

1.      Acute Stage
In mild and moderate (acute) cases of PID, physiotherapy is used to relieve the pain and inflammation that the patient experiences. For this, the patient does not need to be hospitalized but is given short wave diathermy therapy for a short period (5-10 minutes) three times a week.

Short wave diathermy uses short wave pulses to produce heat in deep and superficial tissues. The heat causes the blood vessels to dilate causing increased circulation. This promotes healing and reduces pain. Some therapists use the cross fire method of SWD where the pulses are delivered to the affected region in two directions, for which the patient may have to lie down or sit up.

2.      Chronic Stage
At the chronic stages of the disease, physiotherapy aims not only to relieve pain and promote healing around the area, but also aims to increase functional movement and treat musculoskeletal dysfunction (muscle immobility).
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